• 02Jan
    Categories: Uncategorized Comments Off on How People Used To Pirate Retro Software

    You will be forgiven for thinking that I am teaching you how to make illegal pirate copies of your software after reading the title above. Well rest assured I won’t be walking the plank as this article is for information purposes only. As a programmer I understand how software piracy can hurt companies so I do not recommend it. There is plenty of good software that can be downloaded for free, especially if you don’t need all the fancy features of expensive software. This article explains how people used to pirate software from retro computers such as the Spectrum and the Atari ST.

    SPECTRUM AND COMMODORE 64

    Spectrum and C64 software came on cassette tapes which were inserted into data recorders (or tape recorders) and could be loaded into memory by typing a command such as load””. These computers relied on a series of sound signals which were never pleasant to listen to as they were horrible screeching sounds. Quite often you would have to wait up to ten minutes (for a Spectrum 128k game especially) to load when it could crash, meaning you had to re-adjust the volume and start again. In case of a low recording, the game cassette would usually have a separate copy on the other side.
    Most people could copy these games by using a hi-fi system with twin cassette decks. By inserting the original game cassette in the first deck and pressing “play”, and inserting a blank cassette in the second deck and pressing “play and record” you could get a perfect copy. You could buy cassette tapes for saving data such as a C15 which allows you to record up to fifteen minutes. Some people would use a C90 which would allow them to store many games at once.

    If you didn’t have access to twin cassette decks then you could use software. On the Spectrum you could use something like “007Spy” which would allow you to load the entire game into memory and then back up onto a blank cassette. Some games had different ways of loading such as the pulsing (or clicking) loaders, a method used by many Ocean Software games. This led to the release of other software capable of tackling these loaders. The average Spectrum game would consist of a short piece of code (the header), a loading screen and the main code. This is the standard loader, easy to copy.

    When the Spectrum 128k +3 was released it came with a built in floppy disk drive. As there were only so many games released on +3 disks, methods were used to transfer them from tape to disk. The standard loader was easy. All you had to do was type merge”” to get into the editor code and save that to a +3 disk (save”a:program-name”). Next you would load the loading screen higher into memory (load “screen-name” code 30000) and save that to a +3 disk. Finally you would do the same thing with the main code and add the load commands to the main header code.

    For the more complicated loaders a suite of programs called “007 Trans-Master” was used to convert the files into the standard format so they could be saved to +3 disks.

    ATARI ST AND AMIGA

    The great thing about the Atari ST and Amiga computers was that you could lay your hands on hundreds of pieces of free software, no need to pirate commercial software. There were many PDLs (Public Domain Libraries) who would distribute free software for the price of a disk and postage, and for their distribution work. The actual software is free and covers anything from demos to games and pictures to music files. There was also the shareware method where you pay a small subscription fee to receive extras for full versions of the software and licenceware where the PDL would offer a small commission to the original contributor.

    Atari ST software was normally copied using dedicated disk copiers such as “Fast Copy” while the Amiga used the popular “X-Copy”. However some disks were protected and therefore other more powerful copying software had to be used.

    PROTECTION METHODS

    Software publishers have used many forms of production to deter copying such as the more complicated loaders on the Spectrum. Other methods would require the user entering a word or letter from the manual before they could get into the game, or choosing a series of colors or symbols from their book to match the ones on screen. Some games allow you to think you have copied them until you have played them for so long and notice some nasty surprise. The game “Shadow of the Beast” turns the screen upside down on certain levels for example.

    This lead to the rise of Cracking Groups such as the famous “Pompey Pirates” on the Atari ST who would hack into the game and remove the copy protection. They would then release a number of games (hacked and packed) onto a single floppy disk which were passed around to various users.

    CONCLUSION

    The battle between software publishers and pirates is an on-going one and people will always want free software if they can get it. Old retro software is freely available for download on various websites for people who want to re-live the old days so there is little need to copy them from originals. I am not going to tell you how to copy the latest PC software. I only wrote this article to explain how people used to back up their software for the older systems. I stated that there is a lot of free and in-expensive software available for the PC and I urge you to use that rather than resort to piracy.

  • 03Dec
    Categories: Uncategorized Comments Off on Business Insurance 101: What You Need to Know

    So you started your own business. You’ve seen a hole in the market or come up with a brilliant new idea. You’ve got things underway and maybe even started to make a bit of money. Well, before you take one step further, it’s time to think about insurance for your business. After all, you took a big risk starting your own company and that means you need to mitigate those risks as best you can.

    The hardline fact about coverage and businesses is that you need it. Everything you have for your business, from vehicles to basic liability, requires insurance. Without it, you could put everything you’ve built in jeopardy, open yourself up to crippling financial issues, or even be in violation of the law. But not to worry, here are some basics about coverage of your business that can help you get the protection you need to succeed.

    Types of Business Insurance

    The first thing you need to understand about coverage and your business is the different types that exist. Depending on your business, you may need specific kinds of insurance. In general, business coverage can be broken down into three broad categories: insurance for owners or partners and key employees, coverage of business earnings and property, and liability insurance. Here is a breakdown of each different kind.

    Insurance for Business Owners, Partners and Key Employees

    If you own a business, you need specific types of coverage depending on how your business is set up. These can include, but are not limited to:

    • Life insurance – This coverage protects your family if something happens to you. If you are the sole proprietor of your business, this insurance is key because business owners are personally liable for all the debts of the business.

    • Disability insurance – In the event that you are injured or fall ill, disability insurance will provide you with an income for a specified amount of time.

    • Partnership insurance or buy-sell coverage – If you have a partner in your business, this insurance will help you purchase your partner’s shares and continue running the business in the event of their death.

    • Critical illness insurance – If you become critically ill, this coverage will give you a lump sum of money to help you through the situation.

    • Key person insurance – This coverage protects you in the event of the death or loss of those employees who are most important to your business.

    Insurance for Business and Property Earnings

    On top of coverage that protects individuals, your business may also require the following types of insurance to protect its assets and earnings. Bear in mind that businesses run out of your home may require coverage beyond your home insurance. It is always a good idea to contact your coverage company to discuss running a business out of your home.

    • Property insurance – This coverage covers any buildings or property owned by your business if it suffers damage or destruction from fire, earthquakes, avalanches and other such disasters.

    • Contents insurance – If you have a property or building that stores things for your business, such as a warehouse or storefront, this policy covers the loss of those contents. Note that even if you are leasing space, you may still require contents insurance as your lease will likely make you responsible for what you put inside the leased space. Home business owners will need to contact their insurance companies to discuss what needs to be included in their home policy.

    • Business interruption insurance – When disaster strikes, this policy will cover you for the time that your business cannot run at its proper efficiency.

    • Vehicle insurance – If your company owns vehicles, you are legally required to have coverage. If you use your personal vehicle for your business, make sure that you contact your insurance company.

    Liability Insurance

    Liability covers you in the event of a mistake or accident for which you can be held responsible. There are three kinds to consider when you own a business: personal liability, product liability, and professional. These cover you from personal responsibility, something going wrong with your products, and from lawsuits filed by your clients, respectively.

    Starting your own business is a big risk, but that doesn’t mean you should take unnecessary chances. If you own a business, you need the right coverage. Be sure to shop around and find the insurance package that’s right for your business. If you have any additional questions, we can help you make sense of your policies to ensure you have the right kinds of coverage from the right kinds of insurance companies.

  • 31Oct
    Categories: Agents Marketers, Insurance Comments Off on Insurance Industry Mailing List – 3 Ways to Bring Innovation in Marketing

    A protection industry mailing list is an essential in the event that one needs to complete viable limited time exercises in the protection area. The protection offices and agents associated with the outfitting of protection strategies make utilization of different specialty administrations and items to complete their business tasks. Numerous protection foundations depend on portability as a piece of their business conspire. Not simply that, the utilization of enormous information and systematic apparatuses has likewise been on a consistent ascent.

    As should be obvious, the protection business is a productive market space that offers various business open doors for goal-oriented advertisers. Notwithstanding, with always showing signs of change times, advertisers should likewise refresh their showcasing methods. Here are a couple of tenderfoot and profitable techniques that one can actualize to collect a higher rate of change and along these lines, higher deals.

    Co-promoting

    While promoting in the protection area it will satisfy to hold hands with another brand and lead publicizing efforts that take both the organizations toward positive advancement. Advertisers will blend their promoting sources and techniques to draw in prospects that are pertinent to both the brands. Likewise, the mix of different promoting insights prompts a battle that is doubly more successful in driving the prospects to make buys. In the protection area, advertisers can without much of a stretch charm every one of the leads that an objective arranged protection operators and dealers business list brings.

    Mechanization

    The different assignments that are completed in an advertising effort are dull. For instance, an advertiser sends a specific item’s commercial to 100 prospects. Later on, similar prospects can be locked in with communicates that discussion about the comparable items. In this manner, while showcasing to the protection business, it just bodes well to mechanize the promoting activity to make the capacity of continue advertising advantageous.

    Hashtags

    Web-based social networking blast is one to figure with. The total and adroit use of the web based life stages is an extraordinary method to fabricate mark perceivability. One must take care to use hashtags that are applicable and not very long. Additionally, a post that contains more hashtags than words will undoubtedly get a negative reaction. Advertisers must be liberal yet careful of the utilization of hashtags in their promotions to pick up the coveted outcomes.

    Publicize appropriate items and administrations to the protection part by propelling focused on multi-channel advertising efforts dependent on an outcome arranged protection industry mailing list and in light of the above expressed imaginative plans to get higher deals and achieve a high ROI.

  • 31Oct
    Categories: Grandparenting, Home and Family Comments Off on Grandad, My Schoolteacher Says Profit Is a Dirty Word

    Grandad, my teacher says that benefit is a grimy word. Is that right?

    It assuredly isn’t right yet perhaps he implies that some benefit is grimy in light of the fact that it is made by lying, tricking and offering trashy merchandise. This occurs however organizations doing this don’t keep going long and the general population doing it tends to be fined or sent to jail.

    Most organizations are superior to this. A fruitful business makes wage by offering things or giving administrations that individuals need. Consider a basic precedent, for example, an eatery. The nourishment must be great, the administration phenomenal, the cost not very costly and the entrepreneur needs to obey bunches of laws about wellbeing and security. He or she needs to pay providers, pay staff, pay power and gas, pay committee rates, make good on regulatory obligation and pay numerous different expenses.

    He needs to get cash from his clients and he needs to pay every one of his expenses. The cash coming in must be more than the cash going out. Else he won’t have the capacity to proceed. The distinction among salary and expenses is benefit. In this way benefit is a long way from being a grimy word. It is a fundamental sign that the business is being run effectively and will survive.

    There are a considerable measure of different advantages that outcome from a business making a benefit. Would you be able to think what they are? Right off the bat the entrepreneur will have the cash to put resources into the future – new gear, better furniture, possibly new or additional premises.

    Besides he will have the capacity to satisfy cash that he may have obtained to begin the business. He (or, obviously, she) will have the capacity to spare some cash or put resources into annuities for him and his staff. The agent who influences a benefit to can make gifts to philanthropy and numerous fruitful specialists do this.

    From the business perspective there is amazingly, one more explanation behind valuing the estimation of benefit. Benefit makes a business more significant, by placing cash in the bank as well as more critically making something that can profit later on. The estimation of a business isn’t just its property and its cash in the bank, it is the estimation of benefits it can make later on.

    Assume our eatery proprietor begins by purchasing a summary property which has an awful notoriety and for all intents and purposes no clients, in this way not making a benefit. It is such a wreck, to the point that he could get it for $50,000. By diligent work, great cooking and great administration he can construct an effective business that five years after the fact it is flourishing and making a benefit of $100,000 every year. He has most likely re-contributed a portion of his benefits every year to purchase the best kitchen hardware and burned through cash on stylistic layout and furniture, so his aggregate speculation may be an additional $200,000. The uplifting news for him is that he can, on the off chance that he wishes, offer the business for more than his aggregate venture of $250,000. Why? Since the business has benefits of $100,000, giving the business additional esteem. Such a business could without much of a stretch be worth $750,000 or more.

    This is the ponder of benefit. The entrepreneur is upbeat, the clients are glad, employments have been made, impose has been paid, the neighborhood a shrewd eatery, everyone has profited and nobody has been harmed. This is the enchantment of business that I will reveal to you much more about in the coming articles.

  • 31Oct
    Categories: Computers and Technology, Hardware Comments Off on All About Computer Networks

    Over some stretch of time, PCs have turned into an imperative piece of organizations. Establishment of PCs, their help and support are benefits all associations require. As organizations develop, the quantity of PCs in the association likewise increment. It winds up basic to set up an efficient method to interface these PCs with the goal that they work in an issue free way. Consequently, PCs are interconnected in different ways. This is the idea of a PC organize.

    What is a PC arrange?

    A PC system can be comprehended as various PCs associated together to share assets. The most widely recognized asset shared is the web. Different assets can be printers, document servers, and so on. The PCs in the system might be associated through an Ethernet link or remotely through radio waves.

    Presently we will perceive how the individual PCs in a system are associated:

    PCs associated in a system are alluded to as hubs.

    Star Topology:

    For this situation, there is a focal hub from which associations are given to singular PCs. For this situation, regardless of whether there is any issue with a specific link, alternate PCs can keep on working undisturbed. On the flipside, this kind of association requires a ton of cabling.

    Transport Topology:

    For this situation, every one of the PCs are associated by a solitary link. The data that is planned for the last PC needs to go through every one of the hubs. The main advantage is that it requires negligible cabling. In any case, if there is any blame in the link, every one of the PCs are influenced.

    Ring Topology:

    In this topology, every one of the PCs are associated through a solitary link. The end hubs are additionally associated with one another. The flag circles through the system to achieve the proposed beneficiary. On the off chance that, a system hub is designed erroneously or there is some other issue, the flag will make various endeavors to locate the proposed beneficiary.

    Fell Ring Topology:

    For this situation, the focal hub is a system gadget known as the center point, switch or switch. This gadget keeps running in a ring highlighting modules for links. What’s more, every PC is freely associated with the gadget through individual links.

    Every association picks its own topology of the PC system to guarantee a streamlined working of their PCs. When the PCs are associated, workplaces additionally have separate cabling storerooms, or, in other words space containing a switch gadget that interfaces with the system.

    There are various PC organize organizations that give the administrations of establishment, upkeep, and bolster administrations guaranteeing smooth and streamlined working of your frameworks.

    Ntelligent Networks is organization situated in Lakeland Florida that gives PC bolster administrations. They give PC systems to business associations too. To know more visit here.